Cannabis strains are either indica, sativa or hybrid varieties of the Cannabis genus of plants. Varieties are developed to intensify specific characteristics of the plant, or to differentiate the strain for the purposes of marketing or to make it more effective as medicine. 


Sativa strains are known to produce an uplifting and cerebral high that is typically very energizing and stimulating. Sativa are known to make you laugh uncontrollably or engage in in-depth conversations about the meaning of life. These strains typically cause you to analyze the human experience and think creatively.

​As Sativa gives you a far more energetic, uplifting and cerebral high than Indica, it’s best to use it during the day. When you take this strain, it makes you feel energetic and creative. For this reason, it’s often used by different kinds of artists. The benefits of Sativa include

  • Provides you with feelings of extreme well-being.

  • Makes you feel at ease.

  • Fights depression.

  • Makes you think cerebral and uplifting thoughts.

  • Energizes you.

  • Stimulates you.

  • Increases your creativity and focus.

Sativa is often used to treat behavioral and mental issues such as ADHD and depression. Like Indica, it stimulates hunger, which makes it very useful if you have been diagnosed with certain forms of cancer, anorexia or HIV/AIDS.


Indica strains are very relaxing and narcotic-like, typically providing a full-body, or “couch-locked” effect. Indica are perfect for those days spent curled up on the couch watching TV, or surfing the web. However, most people seek Cannabis Indica after a long day at work to relieve stress, provide full-body pain relief, and help them fall asleep at night.

Since Indicas produce an intense and relaxing full-body experience, they’re often used to relieve sleeping disorders, body pain and general anxiety. Indica has the following benefits:

  • Relieves body pain

  • Relieves spasms

  • Reduces seizures

  • Relieves stress and anxiety

  • Relaxes muscles

Medical pot patients usually take Indica before bedtime so they can have uninterrupted sleep. Indica is also used for treating nausea, lupus, multiple sclerosis and fibromyalgia.


Hybrid strains contain a mix of sativa and indica genetics and, depending on their lineage, can take on characteristics from both strain families. Hybrids can be sativa or indica dominant – or right in the middle. The majority of cannabis strains available today are really hybrids

Hybrids and crossbreeds of Indica and Sativa strains produce varieties that carry some characteristics of each parent. For example, adding Sativa to Indica strains adds mental clarity and decreases sedative effects. And adding Indica to Sativa strains can reduce or even eliminate the Sativa tendency to stimulate anxiety.

Hybrids are often referred to based on the dominant subspecies inherited from their lineage — for example, pure Indica, mostly Indica, mostly Sativa or pure Sativa. Instead of using pure Indica or pure Sativa, many patients can benefit from the use of hybrid strains. There is a vast number of strains available for patients, each with a different cannabinoid profile and effect.